The Internet's Impact on Reading Habits and Abilities
The reading habits of most young people have significantly changed over the last decade. Reading experts attribute this primarily to the Internet.
This is both good and bad.
The good aspect of this is that the Internet generation -- especially the early to mid-teen segment -- is spending much more time reading and writing -- up to six hours a day on the Internet in some cases.
But Internet reading is not like reading a novel or textbook.
Although young people also spend a lot of time writing on the Internet, a visit to many of the sites shows that this writing tends to be sloppy, unorganized, and littered with writing errors.
The Internet's Impact on Reading
Although reading scores on standardized tests have declined or stagnated in recent years, many educators feel that he time spend interacting on the Internet is preferable to sitting on a couch and passively watching typical television programs.
They also point out that the Internet just represents a new kind of reading skill, one that is not reflected in most standardized tests such as those used for college entrance exams. These exams test for the sustained, concentrated reading, more appropriate to reading a novel.
Because many see the importance of these new digital skills, some countries (the United States excluded) are now testing for "digital-age proficiently." This involves testing student's ability to find and synthesize Internet information.
What the Research Shows
It has been shown that young people who "read for fun" (Internet reading is excluded in this definition) --
Separating Fact from Fiction
It appears that young people who rely on the Internet for information have a more difficult time separating information that is trustworthy from the suspect -- fact from fiction.
Donald J. Leu, who researches literacy and technology at the University of Connecticut, asked 48 students to go to a bogus web site about a mythical species known as the “Pacific Northwest tree octopus.”
Although the account was written as a joke, nearly 90 percent of those who read this account deemed the information reliable.
Even excluding conspiracy theory sites, we know that many sites have highly biased, if not clearly inaccurate, information -- information that is often presented as legitimate news.
An example is Fox News. More than one study has shown that viewers of this popular cable news source end up ill-informed (or simply not informed) about the basic issues of the day.
When this type of information is presented convincingly, it's easy for young people to fall victim to incestuous amplification, which we discuss elsewhere.
One of the dangers of unmonitored and anonymous Internet postings is that it gives rise to venting prejudices and anger. Nowhere is this more evident than in cyber bullying.
Some social Internet sites such as the popular MyYearbook.com warn readers about cyber bullying. They highlight the case of Megan, a young woman who was driven to take her own life after people persisted in publishing demeaning things about her on one of these sites.
This is not the only time this has happened. Although afterwards those responsible may claim, "it was all a joke," unless they are rather calloused and unfeeling individuals, they will face a lifetime of guilt. We often don't know the internal struggles that may already be going on inside a person.
Sexting, which can be a part of cyerbullying, has also become a major issue -- with major consequences.
Cyber bullying and sexting can push some people over the edge. Bullying appears to have been a factor behind the gun-related school massacres. Unwelcome sexting has been the cause of several suicides. This video shows just one example.
If you know of incidents of these types hurtful bullying -- either on the Internet or elsewhere -- tell someone in authority about it. You can also check out the links below.