Updated: 03/25/2013

The Print Media

 

 
 

 

Employment Outlook, Chronology and Internet Links --

 

Newspapers -

 

Employment Outlook

>>Advertising revenue in print journalism or traditional newspapers has been steadily falling. It was $45 billion in 2003 and it had dropped to $19 billion by 2012.

Although some people assume that digital or electronic versions of newspapers have made up the difference, this is far from true. In 2012, newspapers lost $16 in ads for every $1 gained in digital ads.

This has severely impacted employment in the field. Even with the expansion of on-line newspapers, full-time employees in U.S. newspaper industry dropped to a low of 40,000 in 2012.

The profession of news gathering has now largely shifted to television and the Internet, and despite print journalism's exciting and influential history, it is no longer a field that offers a bright employment future.

History of Newspapers

1500s

Newssheets appear in Venice, Italy

1690

Publick Occurrences, first U.S. Newspaper

1704

John Campbell publishes the Boston News-Letter

1721

The New-England Courant, first printed in 1721, landed publisher James Franklin in jail.

1733

Peter Zenger is put in jail for New York Weekly content, but wins case against New York for seditious libel

1798

Alien and Sedition Acts forbid criticism of key government officials.  Repealed in 1800.

1830s

Penny press introduces era of mass communication

1864

Newspapers start using telegraph to transmit news

1848

Associated Press founded

1800s

Linotype machines speed up typesetting by making possible the automatic casting of entire lines of type

1890s

Period of yellow journalism. This is followed by era of Jazz Journalism.

1941-1945

Government censors press during World War II

1950s

Television impacts newspaper ad revenue and newspaper subscriptions

1970s

Weekly newspapers get major foothold

1971

Supreme Court allows publication of secret Pentagon Papers; calls government effort to stop publication  "prior restraint"

1973

Washington Post reporters uncover presidential corruption in Watergate scandal

1982

Gannett starts USA Today

1990s

First newspapers go online

1995

TV advertising exceeds newspaper advertising for the first time.

2009 - In the early 2000s, newspaper circulation drops significantly, ad revenue does not keep up with expenses; major newspapers cut back on staff; a few file for bankruptcy; and a few switch to Internet only editions.

>>Links to major U.S. newspapers

The New York Times (readers can see a few free stories a month, after which a subscription is required.)

The Washington Post

The Times of London

The Los Angeles Times (a few free stories a month, after which a subscription is required.)

The Wall Street Journal (paid subscription)

USA Today

>>In the next module we'll move to another print medium: magazines.





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