History of Technical Film Achievements

As Reflected by Technical Oscars

1930-31

 

1936

1937

Panochromatic film developed (which more accurately reproduced color tones in black and white) and noise-reducing sound recording system developed.

Assorted innovations to improve sound recording.

Negative motion picture film developed

1940


1949

Silenced motion picture camera developed for easier on-set sound recording

Safely film introduced (previous film bases were highly flammable)

1952

1953

Color film process introduced

Cinemascope wide-screen process

1954

1955

VistaVision wide-screen system

Yellow flame carbon, which improved projector illumination

1957

1964

Todd-AO wide-screen system

Traveling mat cinematography, which greatly facilitated special effects

1968

Intermediate color film, which improved color duplication process; background projection system, which opened the door to many special effects

1977

1978

Steadycam, which greatly facilitated handheld camera shots

Panaflex camera system; duplicating color film

1979

1980

Moviola film editing system (became the standard for decades)

Optical printer for duplicating film and making color corrections

>>1981

Ultra high speed color film

>>1982

Hand-held , spinning mirror reflex camera

>>1983
Xenon lamp, which improved projector illumination
>>1987
HMI lamp introduced which was much more efficient and about the same color temperature as sunlight
>>1988
Dolby sound enhancing and noise reduction system
>>1990
"T-grain" film technology; improved color negative film
>>1992
Fluid dampened camera head
>>1993
High-speed sprocket-driven transport; anamorphic lenses (for wide-screen)
>>1994
Ultimatte special effects process; improved color intermediate film
>>1996
IMAX film system
>>1997
Motion picture printing innovation
>>1998
Avid computer-based editing system
>>2001
RenderMan computer animiation system